Basic vocational training
Switzerland has a strong basic vocational education and training system. More than two thirds of young people choose to become apprentices in around 250 occupations. Training follows a dual approach: The VET schools provide learners with a general education plus theoretical knowledge specific to their chosen career, while practical training takes place in the host companies and at branch training centres. Occupations within the MEM industries are challenging and, in some cases, the intellectual and academic capabilities required are just as high as those at the baccalaureate schools.
VET programmes lasting two, three or four years are available, depending on the individual learner's capabilities, leading either to a Federal VET Certificate or a Federal VET Diploma. All VET programmes ensure a high degree of employability and have high graduation rates, both of which are reflected in very low youth unemployment and a robust economy.
Federal Vocational Baccalaureate (FVB)
The Federal Vocational Baccalaureate is aimed at high-performing apprentices. Together with the Federal VET Diploma, it enables holders to enrol at a Swiss university of applied sciences without having to take an entrance examination. FVB holders can also transition to university education by passing the "Federal Vocational Baccalaureate – universities" passerelle examination.